Raising Girls

Raising children is journey filled with inspiring wonderful moments mixed with moments of despair.  Parenting books are often filled with universal solutions - use this idea and all the problems will disappear. The problem is that every child is different and so is every parent - a creative approach is often necessary to transform an …

Gross Motor Development – Three- and Four-Year-Olds

Three- and four-year-olds love to run, jump, climb, and dance. They walk on tiptoes, straight lines, and up and down stairs and they may be alternating their feet. By this age, children have acquired experiences of different movements and they have developed a memory of various body movements. By continuously practising they gain more and …

Blushing

Blushing is like a rush - a big wave coming in. For a "blusher," the reaction can seem like nature's cruel trick on a child who is already self-conscious. Some “blushers” turn red at the thought of someone looking at her. Then a vicious circle may start and the child turns red thinking about the …

Moral Babies

  Asking the right question is not always easy. When it comes to morality, a common question is are we inherently good or evil. This question has lead to mixed results and the truth may be that a child is neither born good nor bad.    Development is a constant interaction between genes and the …

The Language Journey – Three-Year-Olds

  3-Year-Olds Begins to answer questions like “why”, “what” and “where”” in their own way.  Begins to understand “yes” and “no” questions.  Likes to ask “why?” repeatedly - curious and interested in everything.  Sentences contain a couple of words – around 3 to 5 words.  Understands and uses many descriptive words such as “big”, “small”, …

Spatial Skills

  Evolution Gender differences is a popular topic, and our beliefs about  the reason behind gender differences can influence and change the way we treat our children. Some differences between boys and girls can be innate and the differences could have developed through thousands of years of evolution.  A problem is that is difficult to find …

Two-Year-Olds – Cognitive Development

Kisses and Hugs Several exciting things happen around a child’s second birthday. A toddler’s height has often doubled since birth, and for the first time the chest circumference is greater than the head circumference. Most two-year-olds can walk up and down stairs, and they can “elegantly “manoeuvre a spoon. Many toddlers develop a strong sense …

The Journey towards the First Sentence

  12-15 months  First words may appear. Vocabulary increasing every day. Nouns are often the first words. Understands a simple instruction. Understanding is helped by context.  Anticipates common activities. 15-24 months Produces short sentences, bird big.  Understands commands such as - "Get your hat and put it in the bag". At 18 months many toddlers …

The Journey towards the First Words

  0-3 months Begins to imitate some sounds.  Recognises familiar voices. Turns towards familiar sounds. Cries in different ways for different needs. Makes different sounds - coo, gurgle, click, stops, grunt and pops. Startles to loud sounds. 3-6 months Exploring the vocal tract capabilities.  Raspberry or click sound, babbling and imitating sounds. Moves eyes around …

The Babbling Journey – Milestones

    0-3 months Listen carefully and you can hear the first coo, gurgle, grunt, click, stop and pops.   3-6 months Exploring the vocal tract capabilities.   Long vowels, squeals, yells, growls, trills, and friction noises. Raspberry or click sounds, you  might hear consonants like “m-m-m-m” or “b-b-b-b”. 6-10 months Enjoys vocal play and experiments with …

Vygotsky, Inner Speech and Consciousness

Development of Consciousness Vygotsky linked the development of consciousness with inner speech. According to Vygotsky, speech is on aspect of the transition from intermental to intramental  functioning. This transition constitutes the general law of the development of all higher mental processes.  Inner speech is speech directed to self, and it has a self-regulatory function. It …

Motor Development and Mirror Neurons

Involuntary Many of a newborn baby’s movements are of involuntary character. The voluntary movements are often poorly co-ordinated, and many movements appear to be based on reflexes. Something in the environment triggers a reaction that the infants have little voluntary control over and many of the reflexes protects the infant. Voluntary The reflexes develop into …

Preoperational Stage

Thinking and Understanding Piaget believed that development moved from the individual to the social. He described development in a number of stages - sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, and formal operations.  Piaget was interested in describing how a child thinks and learns to understand the world.  Preoperational Stage The preoperational stage occurs between the ages two …